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Mis áreas de investigación y docencia incluyen las invasiones de plantas exóticas,  la conservación de la biodiversidad y el manejo y diseño de áreas protegidas. Obtuve mi doctorado en el College of Forestry and Conservation de la Universidad de Montana, EEUU. Actualmente, soy Profesor Asociado en el Departamento de Manejo de Bosques y Medio Ambiente de la Facultad de Ciencias Forestales de la Universidad de Concepción, Chile y estoy adscrito como Investigador Adjunto al Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad (IEB) y soy Director del Laboratorio de Invasiones Biológicas (LIB).


My research and teaching themes are plant invasion, conservation of biodiversity and the management and design of protected areas. I got my Ph.D. at the College of Forestry and Conservation at the University of Montana, US. Currently, I am Associate Profesor of the Departamento de Manejo de Bosques y Medio Ambiente of the Facultad de Ciencias Forestales at the Universidad de Concepción, Chile. I am Adjunct Researcher in the Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity (IEB) and Director of the Laboratorio de Invasiones Biológicas (LIB).

My research is focused mainly on the ecology of biological invasions and their impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem functions. My collaborators and I have been studying alien plant invasions in natural and semi-natural areas across elevational gradients. The main question has been how alien plant species disperse into protected areas from the more disturbed adjacent matrix. We have looked at roads as major dispersal corridors, also into the interior of forests, grasslands and other ecosystems. By using a multi-scale approach, including the regional, landscape and local scales, we have been able to detect patterns of invasions and their relationships with other environmental and biotic variables. Additionally, we have been looking at larger intercontinental scales, specifically comparing plant invasions between California and Chile (two regions with similar climates). We co-founded the Mountain Invasion Research Network (MIREN) to search for the causes and impacts of invasion processes in mountain environments. Beginning in 2010, I am co-chair of MIREN. In 2008, in collaboration with Lohengrin Cavieres and colleagues from University of Concepción and the Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity we founded the Lab of Biological Invasions (LIB). Currently, we are dedicated to understand invasion processes using a spatially-explicit approaches and also producing basic information for invasive species risk analysis. We are using conifer invasions as models to understand impacts of plant invasions into biodiversity and ecosystems.

I am also becoming increasingly interested in broader issues in ecology and the management of natural resources. With Raphael Sagarin, we have coauthored the book Observation and Ecology: Broadening the Scope of Science to Understand a Complex World. The book emphasizes the need for more observation-based ecology in an era of rapid global changes. Issues of development and sustainability have also caught my attention.


Aníbal Pauchard Google Scholar Profile


PUBLICATIONS

Fuentes N, Pauchard A, Sánchez P, Esquivel J & Marticorena A. 2013. A new comprehensive database of alien plant species in Chile based on herbarium records. Biological Invasions. Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 847-858. PDF

Stohlgren T, Pyšek P, Kartesz J, Nishino M, Pauchard A, Winter M, Pino J, Richardson D, Wilson J, Murray B, Phillips M, Celesti-Grapow L, & Graham J. 2013. Globalization Effects on Common Plant Species. In: Levin S.A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, second edition, Volume 3, pp. 700-706. Waltham, MA: Academic Press. PDF

Sagarin R & Pauchard A. 2012. Observation and Ecology, Broadening the Scope of Science to Understand a Complex World, Island Press, Washington DC. 232 páginas. http://www.observationandecology.com/

García R, Fuentes-Ramírez A & Pauchard A. 2012. Efecto de dos especies de plantas invasoras fijadoras de nitrógeno sobre las propiedades químicas del suelo en el centro-sur de Chile, Gayana Bot. 69(1): 189-192. PDF

Seipel T, Kueffer C, Rew L.J, Daehler CC, Pauchard A, Naylor BJ, Alexander JM, Edwards PJ, Parks CG, Arevalo JR, Cavieres LA, Dietz H, Jakobs G, McDougall K, Otto R. & Walsh N. 2011. Processes at multiple scales affect richness and similarity of non-native plant species in mountains around the world. Global Ecology and Biogeography 21:236–246. PDF

McDougall K, Khuroo A, Loope L, Parks C, Pauchard A, Reshi Z, Rushworth I & Kueffer Ch. 2011. Plant Invasions in Mountains: Global Lessons for Better Management. Mountain Research and Development, 31(4):380-387. PDF

Pauchard A, García R, Langdon B & Fuentes N. 2011. The Invasion of Non-Native Plants in Chile and their Impacts on Biodiversity: History, Current Status, and Challenges for Management. En: Biodiversity Conservation in the Americas: Lessons and Policy Recommendations. Figueroa E. Editorial FEN-Universidad de Chile, Santiago Chile. pág 133-165 (solicitar PDF)

Pauchard A, Quiroz C, García R, Anderson CH, Kalin Arroyo M. 2011. Invasiones biológicas en América Latina y el Caribe: tendencias en investigación para la conservación, en Conservación Bilógica: Perspectivas desde América Latina. Simonetti J, Dirzo R. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago Chile. pag 79- 94. (request PDF)

Alexander J, Kueffer C, Daehler C, Edwards P, Pauchard A & Seipel T. and MIREN Consortium. 2011 "Assembly of nonnative floras along elevational gradients explained by directional ecological filtering and MIREN Consortium" PNAS online doi:10.1073/pnas.1013136108. PDF

Kull C, Shackleton Ch, Cunningham P, Ducatillon C, Dufour-Dror JM, Esler K, Friday J, Gouveia A, Griffin A, Marchante E, Midgley S, Pauchard A, Rangan H, Richardson D, Rinaudo T, Tassin J, Urgenson L, von Maltitz G, Zenni R & Zylstra M. 2011. Adoption, use and perception of Australian acacias around the world. Diversity and Distribution Volume 17, Issue 5, September 2011, Pages: 822–836 PDF

Le Maitre D, Gaertner M, Marchante E, Ens EJ, Holmes P, Pauchard A, O’Farrell P, Rogers A, Blanchard R, Blignaut J & Richardson D. 2011. Impacts of invasive Australian acacias: implications for management and restoration. Diversity and Distribution Volume 17, Issue 5, September 2011, Pages: 1015–1029 PDF

Stohlgren TJ, Pysek P, Kartesz J, Nishino M, Pauchard A, Winter M, Pino J, Richardson DM, Wilson JRU, Murray BR, Phillips ML, Ming-yang L, Celesti-Grapow L. & Font X. 2011. Widespread plant species: natives versus aliens in our changing world. Biological invasions 13:1931–1944 PDF

Fuentes N & Pauchard A. 2011. Documento Técnico sobre el Taller: Evaluación de Riesgo de especies de Plantas Introducidas (ERPI) en Chile: estableciendo prioridades para su manejo o control PDF

Fuentes-Ramírez A, Pauchard A, Cavieres L & García R. 2011. Survival and growth of Acacia dealbata vs. native trees across an invasion front in south-central Chile. Forest Ecology and Management 261:1003-1009 PDF

Quiroz, C., L.A. Cavieres & A. Pauchard (2011). Assessing the importance of disturbance, site conditions and the biotic barrier for dandelion invasion in an Alpine habitat. Biological Invasions (in press) doi: 10.1007/s10530-011-9971-4. PDF    

Langdon, B., Pauchard, A. & Aguayo, M. 2010. Pinus contorta invasion in the Chilean Patagonia: local patterns in a global context. Biological Invasions 12: 3961-3971. PDF

García R.A., Pauchard, A., Cavieres, L.A., E Peña & Rodriguez, M.F. 2010. El fuego favorece la invasión de Teline monspessulana (Fabaceae) al aumentar su germinación. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 83: 443-452. PDF

Richardson, D.M., Daehler, C.C, Leishman, M. R., Pauchard, A. & Pyšek, P. 2010. Plant invasions: theoretical and practical challenges. Biological Invasions 12: 3907-3911. PDF

Fuentes-Ramirez, A., Pauchard, A., Marticorena, A., Sanchez, P. 2010. Relación entre la invasión de Acacia dealbata Link (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) y la riqueza de especies vegetales en el centro-sur de Chile. Gayana Bot. 67 (2): 176-185. PDF

Simberloff, D., Nuñez, M. A. Ledgard, N. J., Pauchard, A. Richardson, D. M., Sarasola, M., Van Wilgen, B. W., Zalba, S. M.,  Zenni R. D., Bustamante, R., Peña, E. & Ziller, S.R.. 2010. Spread and impact of introduced conifers in South America: Lessons from other southern hemisphere regions. Austral Ecology 35: 489-504. PDF

Sagarin, R. & Pauchard, A. 2010. Observational approaches in ecology open new ground in a changing world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment  8: 379-386. PDF

Nuñez, M. & Pauchard, A. 2010. Biological invasions in developing and developed countries: does one model fit all?. Biological Invasions 12: 707-714. PDF

Quiroz, C.L., Pauchard, A., Cavieres, L.A. & Anderson, C.B. 2009. Análisis cuantitativo de la investigación en invasiones biológicas en Chile: tendencias y desafíos. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 82:497-505. PDF

Alexander, J. & Pauchard, A. 2009. EMAPI 10: Bridging approaches to plant invasions. Frontiers in Biogeography 1:48-49. PDF

Pauchard, A., Kueffer, McDougall, K., Alexander, J. & the MIREN Consortium. 2009. Global networks: a reply to Khuroo et al. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7: 518. PDF

Pauchard, A., Kueffer, C., Dietz, H., Daehler, C.C., Alexander, J., Edwards, P.J., Arévalo, J.R., Cavieres, L., Guisan, A., Haider, S., Jakobs, G., McDougall, K., Millar, C.I., Naylor, B.J., Parks, C.G., Rew, L.J., &  Seipel, T. 2009. Ain’t no mountain high enough: Plant invasions reaching high elevations. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7:479-486.  PDF

Aguayo, M., A. Pauchard, G. Azocar, and O. Parra. 2009. Land use change in the south central Chile at the end of the 20(th) century. Understanding the spatio-temporal dynamics of the landscape. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 82:361-374. PDF

Kueffer, C., J. Alexander, C. Daehler, K. McDougall, A. Pauchard, & Miren Consortium 2008. The Mountain Invasion Research Network (MIREN). Mountain Research Initiative Newsletter 1: 12-14. PDF

Pauchard, A.,  B. Langdon & E. Peña. 2008. Potencial invasivo de Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco en Bosques Nativos del Centro-Sur de Chile: patrones y recomendaciones. En: Mujica, R., Grosse, H. y B. Muller-Using (eds.) Bosques Seminaturales: una opción para la rehabilitación de bosques nativos degradados. Instituto Forestal. Pp 89-114.  PDF

Peña E, Hidalgo M, Langdon, B & Pauchard A. 2008. Patterns of spread of Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. invasion in a Natural Reserve in southern South America. Forest Ecology and Management 256: 1049-1054. PDF

Jiménez, A., Pauchard, A., Cavieres, L.A., Marticorena, A. & Bustamante, R.O. 2008. Do climatically similar regions contain similar alien floras? A comparison between the mediterranean areas of central Chile and California. Journal of Biogeography 35:614-624. PDF

Pauchard, A., García R.A., Peña, E., González, C., Cavieres, L.A. & Bustamante, R.O. 2008. Positive feedbacks between plant invasions and fire regimes: Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch (Fabaceae) in central Chile. Biological Invasions 10:547-553. PDF

Pauchard, A. & Maheu-Giroux, M. (2007) Case study 11.1: Acacia dealbata invasion across multiple scales: Conspicuous flowering species can help us study invasion pattern and processes (pages 166-167) in Underwood, E. and S. Ustin. Trends in Invasive Alien Species. Pages 161-177 in Strand, H., Höft, R., Strittholt, J., Miles, L., Horning, N., Fosnight, E., editors. Sourcebook on Remote Sensing and Biodiversity Indicators. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Technical Series no. 32, 201 pages. PDF

Peña, E, B. Langdon, & A. Pauchard. 2007. Árboles exóticos naturalizados en el bosque nativo chileno. Bosque Nativo 40: 3-7 PDF

García, R.A., Pauchard, A. y Peña, E. 2007. Banco de semilla, regeneración y crecimiento de Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch despues de un incendio forestal. Gayana Bot. 64(2), 200-209. PDF

Pauchard, A. 2007. Invasions as spatially explicit processes: contributions to ecology (Letter to the editor). Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5(3):123-124. PDF

Pauchard, A., & M. McKinney. 2006. Introduction (Special Issue "Biological Invasions across Scales: New Insights"). Biological Invasions 8: 397-398. PDF

Pauchard, A., & K. Shea. 2006. Integrating the study of non-native plant invasions across spatial scales. Biological Invasions 8: 399-413. PDF

Pauchard, A. and Alaback, P. 2006. Edge types defines alien plant species invasions along Pinus contorta burned, highway and clearcut forest edges. Forest Ecology and Management 223: 327-335. PDF

Pauchard, A., Aguayo, M. , Peña, E. & Urrutia, R. 2006. Multiple effects of urbanization on the biodiversity of developing countries: The case of a fast-growing metropolitan area (Concepción, Chile). Biological Conservation  127: 272-281 PDF

Pauchard, A., L. Cavieres, & R. Bustamante. 2004. Comparing alien plant invasions among regions with similar climates: where to from here? Diversity & Distributions 10: 371-375. PDF

Pauchard, A. and Alaback, P. 2004. Influence of elevation, land use, and landscape context on patterns of alien plant invasions along roadsides in protected areas of south-central Chile. Conservation Biology 18(1):238-248. PDF

Pauchard, A., L. Cavieres, R. Bustamante, P. Becerra & E. Rapoport. 2004. Increasing the understanding of plant invasions in Southern South America: First symposium on Alien Plant Invasions in Chile. Biological Invasions 6(2):255-257 PDF

Pauchard, A., Alaback, P. and Edlund, E. 2003. Plant invasions in protected areas at multiple scales: Linaria vulgaris (Scrophulariaceae) in the West Yellowstone area. Western North American Naturalist 63(4):416-428. PDF

Pauchard, A. & P. Villarroel. 2002. Protected areas in Chile: history, current status and challenges. Natural Areas Journal 22:318-330. PDF

Pauchard, A. & Alaback, P. 2002. La amenaza de plantas invasoras. Chile Forestal. 289:13-15. Html

Peña, E. & Pauchard, A. 2001. Coníferas introducidas en áreas protegidas: un riesgo para la biodiversidad. Bosque Nativo 30: 3-7. Html

Pauchard, A. Ugarte, E. & Millán, J. 2001. Biodiversidad y vegetación en la línea de base para la evaluación del impacto ambiental de proyectos de inversión en áreas silvestres protegidas de Chile. 757-773 pp. In: Sustentabilidad de la Biodiversidad. Un Problema Actual, Bases Cientifico Técnicas, Teorizaciones y Proyecciones. Ed. Krisler Alveal. Editorial Universidad de Concepción. Texto completo

Pauchard, A., Ugarte, E. & Millán, J. 2000. A multiscale method for assessing vegetation baseline of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in protected areas of Chile. In; McCool, S. F.; Cole, D. N. Borrie, W. T. and O'Loughlin, J. comps. Wilderness science in a time of change conference-Volume 3: Wilderness as a place for scientific inquiry. 1999 May 23-27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL3. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. pp. 111-116. PDF

Pauchard, A. 2000. La experiencia de Costa Rica en áreas protegidas. Revista Ambiente y Desarrollo. Chile, Noviembre. PDF

Pauchard, A. 1999. SNASPE: nuevos desafíos para la conservación biológica. Bosque Nativo. Junio: 5-10. PDF

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aníbal Pauchard

Laboratorio de Invasiones Biológicas (LIB) www.lib.udec.cl

Facultad de Ciencias Forestales

Universidad de Concepción

Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile

Fonos: 56-41-2204934, 2204679 Fax: 56-41-2255164

pauchard@udec.cl